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Expert Explanations Download: 

Dr Alex Mackinnon studied physics at Edinburgh University and completed research into thin film sputtering, then entered the international logistics industry. During his time in the Middle East, South and East Asia he became interested in different interpretations of 'knowledge'.  Returning to academia in his '50s, he completed an MSc in Research Methods and a PhD from research into Chinese strategic problem solving enabling him to write and consult on cross-cultural strategic systems.

Here Dr Mackinnion explains Paradigms. 

About the image: "Rabbit and Duck" ("Kaninchen und Ente") from the 23 October 1892 issue of Fliegende Bl├Ątter, captioned "Which animals are most alike?" ("Welche Thiere gleichen einander am meisten?") (Source: University of Heidelberg)



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